8 Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder

8 Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder

Introduction of 8 Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder

8 Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder. Hypothyroidism is an illness where the thyroid gland is incapable of producing enough thyroid hormone. As the main function of the thyroid hormone is to manage the metabolism of the body, it is normal that people with this condition can have symptoms related to a slow metabolism. The thyroid is not functioning. The opposite is hyperthyroidism, in which the thyroid produces excessive thyroid hormone. Nevertheless, the relation between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism is dynamic and, in some cases, one can contribute to another. Often TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) levels go up, however, the thyroid gland cannot produce more thyroid hormone in response. This is recognized as primary hypothyroidism, as the problem starts at the center of the thyroid gland. On other days, TSH reduces, and the thyroid gland never generates a signal to raise thyroid hormone levels. It’s called secondary hypothyroidism.

Risk Factors

While anyone may experience hypothyroidism, you are still at a higher risk if you:

1> Aged 60 or above.
2> Having a family history of thyroid disease.
3> Autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease.
4> Radioactive iodine and anti-thyroid drugs.
5> Exposure to your neck or upper chest.
6> Having thyroid surgery (partial thyroidectomy).
7> Pregnant or given birth to a baby in the last six months.

Top 8 Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder

Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms may include:

1> Weariness.
2> Weight gain.
3> Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness.
4> Low mood and memory.
5> Sensitivity to cold.
6> Elevated blood cholesterol level.
7> Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter).
8> Menstrual changes.

Below we are going to elaborate on some of the major signs and symptoms of thyroid disorder.


Fatigue is one of the main symptoms of hypothyroidism or thyroid disorder. Most people with the disorder experience feeling so tired and exhausted that they can’t do their day as normal. This condition applies regardless of how much sleep a person gets or even how many naps they get during the day. Hypothyroidism treatment significantly improves people’s energy levels and functions.

Weight Gain

Thyroid hormones help maintain body weight, food intake, and fat and sugar metabolism. Individuals with limited levels of thyroid hormones can suffer weight gain and a rise in the body mass index (BMI). Only small cases of hypothyroidism may raise the risk of gaining weight and obesity. People with a condition often tend to experience a puffy face and also excess weight around the stomach or any other parts of the body.

Muscle Aches, Tenderness, and Stiffness

8 Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder

Hypothyroidism may affect the muscles and joints of an individual in so many ways, triggering aches, stiffness, swelling of the joints, tenderness, and fatigue. Research also shows a similarity between thyroid disorders and rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease which medical condition that triggers intense inflammation in the lining of the joints. Effective treatment for both disorders can allow people to handle their symptoms.

Low Mood and Memory

It is typical for people with underlying hypothyroidism to experience depression, apathy and overall lack of interest and feelings of discomfort reduced memory function poor concentration and slower thought and speech. Such signs can arise while the brain needs thyroid hormones to function properly. Study shows that low levels of thyroid hormones can lead to changes in the development and functionality of the brain. These brain changes can be corrected when a person starts treatment.

Sensitivity to Cold

Hypothyroidism may decelerate metabolism, which can add to a decrease in body temperature. as such, certain people with low levels of thyroid hormones can feel cold or have low cold resistance. This sensation of coldness might continue even in a warm room or during the summer season. People with hypothyroidism often tend to experience cold hands and feet, even though they may think because their entire body is cold. Nevertheless, these symptoms are not exclusive to hypothyroidism. Blood flow problems and anemia can also make someone feel cold.

Elevated Cholesterol Levels

Thyroid hormones carry a pivotal part in extracting harmful cholesterol from the body through the liver. Low hormone levels indicate that the liver is unable to perform this function and that blood cholesterol levels will rise. Studies show that up to 13 percent of people with high cholesterol have an underactive thyroid. As a consequence, most experts recommend that doctors should routinely monitor hypothyroidism in people with high cholesterol. Treating the thyroid problem can help decrease cholesterol levels, including those who do not take cholesterol-lowering drugs.

Goiter (Enlarged Thyroid Gland)

8 Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorder

A goiter is an expansion of the thyroid gland which appears to be a swelling at the base of the neck. Certain symptoms of goiter include coughing, hoarseness, and difficulty swallowing and breathing. Several thyroid problems may contribute to goiter, like iodine deficiency or Hashimoto thyroiditis, which is an autoimmune condition that affects the thyroid gland and stops making sufficient hormones.

Menstrual Changes

People with overactive thyroid disorder can suffer severe or prolonged menstrual periods or spotting between periods. As per the Society for Menstrual Cycle Studies, hypothyroidism triggers these complications because it affects certain hormones that play a key role in menstruation, such as:

    • Impairing estrogen detoxification
    • Decreasing the amount of sex hormone-binding globulin.

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